Reflective Commentary

You will be required to submit four reflective summaries of 1000 words (N.B. marking will stop at 1000 words):

  • Engagement and Assessment Module – with your formative and summative tapes
  • Intervention module – with your formative and summative tapes

We would expect you to identify the area that you are going to reflect on and then provide a reflective analysis of this area followed by a plan. Your analysis should demonstrate your ability to reflect on your practice in relation to the CYP IAPT Principle(s) and CBT or other appropriate psychological theory. The analysis should provide a critical evaluation of the therapy skills that you demonstrate within the applying these principles, drawing on relevant theory, research and literature and identify areas for improvement. The following model may be help with this. You should make reference to your self-rating forms within the summary.

The four stage experiential learning model (Kolb 1984 and Lewin 1946) in Bennett-Levy et al (2004 p. 19) is the most widely used model in adult education (see fig. 1).


Figure 1.Experiential learning cycle (Bennett-Levy et al. 2004)

Figure 1.Experiential learning cycle (Bennett-Levy et al. 2004


Different terms have been used by different authors to reflect the same four stages. Plan, Experience, Observe, and Reflect. Effective learning is said to proceed through a series of these cycles:

Experience: The experience

Observe: What happened

Reflect: Making sense of what happened by:

  • Relating it to previous experience and knowledge
  • Searching for understanding
  • Generalising abstracting principles
  • Fit with the formulation

Plan: With the new understanding, how can I take this forward?

The purpose of the Reflective Commentary is to demonstrate your ability to:

  • Reflect on your experience of EEBP practice
  • Critically analyse and make sense of that experience (informed by CBT or psychological theory and literature where appropriate)
  • Extract useful learning and plan for change


Introduction of topic of reflection
  • Clear identification of one or two issues relevant to the session
  • Description of reflective process (e.g. may have involved the use of a model such as Kolb’s learning cycle, discussion with supervisor, use of thought records etc.)

Experience and observation

  • Description of the relevant concrete experience within the session e.g. client and therapist behaviour, verbal communications and events.
  • Observations of therapist automatic thoughts, emotions and impulses (where relevant).

Critical analysis

  • Analysis of experience and observations within the session and beyond taking an objective and critical stance and presentation of alternative interpretations.
  • Analysis should be informed by client (and/or where applicable therapist) formulation.

Understanding and use of theory

  • Integration of critical analysis with existing knowledge of CBT / psychological theory
  • Integration of critical analysis with relevant CBT or other relevant literature and research where appropriate
 Summary and implications for future practice
  • Summary of learning
  • Description of plans for active experimentation, further learning and clinical practice (including awareness of own assumptions etc.)
 Structure & style
  •  Clear structure with a logical flow
  •  May use existing models of reflection such as Kolb’s learning cycle to structure
 Spelling / Grammar / Typos
  • You will be marked down for errors.
  • References - Where reference to theory is made, references should conform to APA guidelines.


Useful Forms:

Criteria for EEBP Reflective Summary (Marksheet)